I have a variety of USB storage devices that I want to connect to my
Linux machines, using various filesystems and partitioning schemes: MP3
players, digital recorders, a multi-format cardreader, USB-to-IDE/SATA
adaptors, and lots of USB flash sticks.
The typical way of dealing with this is to use a
daemon to mount devices automatically as they appear.
However, I don't like that approach, since I don't always want to
actually mount the filesystem — for example, if I'm trying to
rescue data from a faulty device.
Instead, I configure Linux's device manager udev to give the different
devices predictable device names when they're detected, and mount them
(or not) as required.
My /etc/udev/rules.d/65-stick.rules file
contains rules which match individual devices and create appropriate
For example, my Rockbox MP3 player's internal
storage appears as
/dev/disk/rockbox/int; this lets me use a specific
mountpoint for it, so my sync-player
script can't accidentally overwrite a different device.
To write a rule like this, you need to find something unique in udev's information about the device that it can match. Handily, you can ask udev to show you all the information it has about a device:
$ udevadm info --query=all --name=/dev/sdb ... E: ID_SERIAL=Rockbox_Internal_Storage_1A8B754950EEF07FB00000000-0:0 ...
Each rule jumps to the
stick_end label at the end of the file if it
There's a default rule before that label for generic USB storage devices
such as flash sticks, which just get called
/dev/disk/usba at the
I'd like it to give multiple memory sticks distinct names, but that's a
scripting problem for a different day.